Dr. Razook treats many eye condions - spots, floaters, glaucoma

Floaters and Spots

It’s not uncommon for healthy eyes to notice ‘spots’ or ‘clouds’ that pass across your field of vision. These are called floaters, may take a number of shapes, and are most apparent when looking at a solid background. These floaters are the shadow of small clots of gel or cells in the fluid that composes the inside of the eye. Though harmless, floaters and spots may also indicate a larger health issue, such as a detached retina. Dr. Razook is skilled at helping to determine if your floaters and spots are of the normal, harmless variety or if they are suggestive of a more serious eye health problem.

If you experience jagged lines, also known as heat waves, occurring in both eyes for up to 20 minutes at a time, you may be experiencing a spasm of vessels in the brain, commonly known as a migraine. These heat waves are often followed by severe migraine headaches, but they can also occur without the headache, called ophthalmic migraines.

Typically, spots and floaters are harmless and will disappear over time. But should they become more frequent, or a nuisance that begins to compromise your vision, other treatments are available. Just contact our office to learn more and what you should do.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology & National Eye Institute

Dry Eyes

While dry eyes may seem like a minor inconvenience, they create a constant irritation and rubbing of the eyes which leaves you looking less than your best.

The causes of dry eyes vary, but typically, the culprits are allergies or sensitivities to pollens, pet dander, dust mites or the perfumes and scents used in many common products. One way to determine the cause of dry eyes is to reduce or eliminate potential allergens and take careful note of what triggers the symptoms.

While there are many over-the-counter medications and eye drops that can be used to combat dry eyes, Dr. Razook can also insert Punctal Plugs to alleviate your symptoms. Why take any chances with the way your eyes look and feel? Contact our office today to learn more.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology & National Eye Institute

Allergic Reactions

Here in Oklahoma, allergies can make life miserable. While there are many allergy symptoms, coming into frequent contact with allergens can immediately and severely affect your eyes.

In addition to the sneezing, coughing, itching, and sinus problems that allergies can cause, chances are your eyes will be affected, too. Signs of allergies in the eyes are tearing, itching and swelling, often accompanied by redness around and in the eyes. If this sounds like you when you’re in contact with pollen, pet dander, mold or dust, chances are you are wondering what you can do to alleviate your symptoms.

After you have identified that you suffer from allergies, make an attempt to pinpoint what triggers your allergic reactions, either by simple observation or by paying a visit to a doctor for allergy testing that will identify your sensitivities.

If you’ve reached this point and are in need of assistance finding treatment methods, contact our office today to consult with Dr. Razook and get to the bottom of your symptoms and what’s causing them.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology

Retinal Detachment

We often see clients who are experiencing blurred vision, shadows moving down from the top to the bottom of the eye, or floaters and spots in their field of vision. While these visual impairments may be nothing serious and typically will go away on their own, it is important to realize that they may also be a warning sign of retinal detachment.

Retinal detachment can be a serious medical issue that can jeopardize your sight. It occurs when the retina becomes detached to the supportive eye tissues beneath it. When these layers are not properly connected to one another, sight loss occurs.

While this issue is not painful, total vision loss can occur if the retina is completely detached. Fortunately, if the problem is treated quickly, vision can likely be restored.

If you are concerned that you may have retinal detachment, please contact us today for an eye exam with Dr. Razook.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology & National Eye Institute


An issue that often presents itself in infancy, nystagmus causes its sufferers to quickly and involuntarily move the eyes in a rapid succession. While most individuals with this medical condition will look up and down or sideways, others will swing their eyes all through the field of vision.

There are several kinds of this condition, including:

Congenital nystagmus

Present from birth, this condition is characterized by a pendulum-like motion of both eyes;

Manifest nystagmus

A condition that affects its sufferers when both eyes are used;

Latent nystagmus

A form of nystagmus that only occurs when one eye is covered;

Manifest-latent nystagmus

This problem is always apparent, but becomes worse if one eye is covered;

Acquired nystagmus

Unlike the other forms, this problem can occur as a side effect of medication, disease or other neurological problems. Nystagmus is a neurological problem and is either characterized as vestibular, which means inner ear-related, or optokinetic, eye-related. While the symptoms often show improvement in adulthood, stress or fatigue often aggravates the problem. Individuals with this condition should consult regularly with Dr. Razook, a highly-trained ophthalmologist who knows how to monitor the condition and discuss all the treatment methods available.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology


If you are bothered by bright lights or intolerant of sunlight, fluorescent or incandescent light, you may have photophobia -- light sensitivity. You may often need to squint or close your eyes when faced with lighting which others around you are very comfortable. Sufferers of photophobia may also experience headaches that accompany their sensitivity to light.

Often, an eye infection or inflammation can result in light sensitivity and this type of response to light nearly always accompanies a migraine headache. Other causes of photophobia include retinal detachment, contact lens irritation, corneal abrasion, uveitis, sunburn, and some central nervous system conditions like meningitis.

If you are experiencing photophobia, it is important for you to seek medical attention to rule out a serious underlying cause. Your course of treatment will be based on the underlying cause of your light sensitivity. To deal with the photophobia itself, it is best to reduce or eliminate exposure to bright lights and when you cannot avoid exposure, limit its effects with sunglasses or a wide brimmed hat.

If you are experiencing light sensitivity, contact our practice today for an examination to determine the underlying cause of your photophobia.


Do you often hold your reading materials at an arm's length so you are able to see what you are reading more clearly? If so, this can be a sign of presbyopia. Characterized as blurred vision that occurs in the near sight, presbyopia commonly strikes in middle age. Most often, sufferers will notice difficulty with close tasks such as sewing, reading or working on a computer.

Unlike other vision problems that are caused by the shape of the eye, disease or trauma, presbyopia is a natural part of aging. Thought to stem from rigidity in the lens of the eye, presbyopia can affect you even if you have a history of perfect vision.

Fortunately, there are eyeglasses and contact lenses made especially for individuals who suffer from this problem. Bifocal eyeglasses are most commonly prescribed to correct presbyopia. Reading glasses may also help, as will multifocal contact lenses. Some people prefer to utilize contact lenses that are known as monovision, in which one lens is prescribed for distance and the other for near vision. Surgery can also be used to treat this condition.

If you are finding it difficult to read at a close distance, contact us to schedule an eye exam and find the right corrective solution for you.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology & National Eye Institute


Characterized by a slight blurring of the vision, headaches or eyestrain, astigmatism is the most common vision problem. It is typically caused by an irregularity in the shape of the cornea; often the cornea will have an oblong or oval shape rather than the spherical shape of a healthy eye. This condition can be hereditary, but the problem may worsen as part of the aging process. Additionally, astigmatism can be caused by a trauma that scars or otherwise alters the shape of the eye.

If you think you may have astigmatism, it is important to utilize the skills and experience of a reputable eye care professional like Dr. Razook. A simple, non-invasive eye exam will provide the information needed to correct the problem with prescription glasses or contact lenses. While it was once believed that contact lenses were unable to correct astigmatism, there are now toric contact lenses available to do the job.

Contact us today to schedule a comprehensive eye exam. Our staff will not only provide you with the highest level of care to determine the problem, but we can prescribe the right fix with your choice of contact lenses or glasses.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology & National Eye Institute

Double Vision

Seeing double can be more than a troublesome visual problem; it can be a sign of a much greater problem. Since there are many potential causes for double vision, it is important to see Dr. Razook in order to sort out why this is happening.

This condition, also known as diplopia, occurs when the left and right eye are not working together properly. Overindulging in alcohol or excessive fatigue can cause this. In these cases it is temporary and vision should return to normal once the effects of the alcohol have worn off or the fatigue has been resolved with proper rest.

If the double vision persists for a longer period of time, it may be a sign of a larger problem. Some potential causes of this condition include:

  • Irregularly-Shaped Corneas
  • Excessively Dry Eyes
  • Stroke
  • Head Injury
  • Brain Tumor, Swelling or Aneurysm
  • Refractive Surgery
  • Cranial Nerve Palsies
  • Cataracts

While some of the potential causes of double vision are easily corrected, others may need serious and ongoing medical treatment.

Call us today to set up an appointment with our experienced ophthalmologists and optometrists.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

If you suffer from hyperopia – commonly known as farsightedness – you’re not alone. Nearly 25 percent of the population is afflicted with this condition and are able to see well at a distance, but find it difficult to see close objects clearly.

Signs and symptoms of hyperopia include headache or eyestrain that may cause you to squint frequently or notice fatigue when reading or working on the computer. If you have previously been diagnosed with hyperopia and are experiencing these symptoms, it is possible your condition has worsened and you may need to have your eyes re-evaluated to correct the problem.

Caused by a shortened eyeball, vision in a person with hyperopia is distorted when light rays enter the eye and focus behind the retina, rather than directly on it as intended. The condition may be effectively treated with glasses or contact lenses that alter the trajectory of the light as it travels into the eye. Refractive surgery is also a treatment option for hyperopia. If you are suffering from farsightedness, please contact us today to schedule an eye exam and learn which treatment option will work best for you.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology & National Eye Institute

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Known more commonly as nearsightedness, myopia is characterized by difficulty seeing objects at a distance while experiencing ease seeing up close. This disorder affects about one-third of the general population.

If you are suffering from this condition you may find yourself squinting or straining while driving. This is a condition that typically worsens over time, so if you have previously been diagnosed and are experiencing these symptoms, you may need to have another eye examination to determine if you need an updated prescription.

Myopia is caused by an elongated eyeball, which causes light rays to contact the retina in the front rather than on its surface as it does in a healthy eye. Treatment for this condition is effective with glasses or contact lenses and eye surgery can also be utilized for a permanent fix of the problem. Additionally, many patients have found success with orthokeratology, which is a non-surgical procedure designed to reshape the cornea using special contact lenses.

If you have been diagnosed with myopia and are once again experiencing symptoms or feel that you may have this condition, our ophthalmologists and optometrists are here to assist you with a comprehensive eye care and effective treatment options.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology & National Eye Institute

Eye Occlusions

Eye occlusions, or eye strokes, are caused when veins and arteries become blocked, resulting in distorted or decreased vision. There are four different types of eye occlusions and these types are determined by the location of the problem.

Specific types are:

Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion (BRAO)

This type of eye stroke can lead to loss of peripheral and, less often, central vision. Glaucoma medication is often prescribed to manage the problem and ocular massage or a fluid tap may be recommended.

Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion (BRVO)

Possible results of this eye stroke are vision loss in the periphery, decreased vision, distorted vision or blind spots. Often this type of occlusion will be addressed with a fluorescent angiogram. While some conditions heal on their own after a few months, treatments include laser photocoagulation.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology

Central Retinal Artery Occlusion (CRAO)

Characterized by a sudden loss of vision in one eye, this type of occlusion is painless and often follows periodic episodes of vision loss. Many treatments are available.

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO)

Resulting in sudden vision loss ranging in severity, this type of eye stroke includes two differing types that are both treatable using laser technology.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology


Often characterized by an uncomfortable buildup of pressure within the eye, glaucoma can cause a decreased ability to see or total loss of vision. The pressure that builds in the eye does not always cause any signs or symptoms and can progress without notice until the optic nerve is damaged, often irreparably.

The damage to the optic nerve leads to varying degrees of permanent vision loss and other symptoms, from blurred vision to halos around lights to intense eye pain, nausea and finally, total blindness. Glaucoma affects millions and is the second leading cause of blindness in the U.S.

The potential of glaucoma to rob patients of their sight is one of the most mentioned reasons for regular visits to your eye care professional. The use of a tonometer during routine eye exams allows your eye care professional to monitor the pressure within the eye. There are other methods used to measure this pressure, all aimed at catching increased pressure before damage has occurred. When dangerous levels of pressure are detected, treatments can include medication or glaucoma surgery.

Glaucoma is, however, a complex condition and its diagnosis depends on a number of factors, and pressure is just one of these. That’s why a thorough eye exam – including dilation of the pupil and examination of the back of the eye -- is recommended at regular intervals to detect glaucoma as early as possible before vision loss occurs.

Contact our office today to have an experienced eye care professional examine your eyes and protect you from this debilitating eye condition.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology & National Eye Institute


One of the most common and debilitating eye problems is cataracts. As we age, the lenses of our eyes begin to cloud over. Located behind the iris and the pupil, the lens is extremely vital to our ability to see. Because our natural lenses function like the lens of a camera, they are responsible for focusing light toward the retina and adjusting focus when we are using our vision to see near and far. The clouding of this lens occurs when the protein of the lens begins to clump together to form small clouds throughout the lens. These clouds, or cataracts, cause vision to be blurred and impaired to varying degrees.

Beyond the slight clouding that you may see if you have a cataract, other symptoms include having difficulties driving at night due to increased glare from lights. Indoor lights may seem excessively bright and appear to project a greater glare. Once symptoms occur there are a variety of treatment options, depending on the type of cataract and its stage. These treatments include glasses, bifocals, magnification, visual aids and surgery.

If you have cataracts or are experiencing any symptoms that concern you, contact our office to see a highly trained Dr. Razook.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology & National Eye Institute


Caused by an infected gland at the edge of the eyelid, a stye looks like a small pimple and can be located on the inside or outside of the eyelid. While they aren’t harmful to your vision, they may cause discomfort and are often unsightly. Characterized by pain, tenderness, redness and swelling in the affected area, a stye can also affect the whole eye by causing swelling throughout the entire eyelid.

Styes are quite common as they are caused by the staphylococcal bacteria, found in the nose and easily transferred to the eye if it is touched after the nose. If you have a sty, it is important not to intentionally rupture it but rather let it heal on its own. In some cases it will rupture, but most likely, the swelling will go down and the bump will eventually disappear completely.

If you often develop styes, treatments are available. Antibiotic ointments can be prescribed by your ophthalmologist and used to prevent the spread of infection and speed the healing process. You may also want to consult an eye care professional to deal with a stye on the inside of the eyelid. These styes may need to be carefully drained under sterile circumstances.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

If you’ve noticed excessive and unusual eye redness in the whites of your eye or eyes, you may be suffering from subconjunctival hemorrhage. This condition is caused by a rupture of the small blood vessels that reside just beneath the tissue around the whites of the eye. When the vessels rupture, the whites become covered in a reddish tint.

Common causes of subconjunctival hemorrhage include:

  • Trauma to the eye
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Regular use of blood thinners like aspirin and Coumadin
  • A sudden surge in blood pressure due to excessive effort from lifting heavy objects, coughing, sneezing and the like

While subconjunctival hemorrhages do not result in pain or loss of vision, the unsightly appearance often prompts sufferers to seek treatment. While no treatment is available to heal the rupture that causes the redness, eye drops can be used as artificial lubricants to soothe the eyes and lessen the red appearance of the whites of the eyes. Rubbing or touching the eyes can contribute to the problem and extend the healing time. Typically subconjunctival hemorrhages will heal within a week to ten days.

If you are concerned about redness in your eyes and feel you may have a subconjuctival hemorrhage, contact us to learn more about the condition and treatment options.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology

Macular Degeneration

Often referred to as AMD or ARMD (for Age-Related Macular Degeneration), macular degeneration is a relatively common problem for people as they age. The macula is a part of the retina. A healthy macula is necessary for centralized vision and the focus necessary to effectively read or drive. When the macula begins to deteriorate, central vision loss can occur.

There are two types of macular degeneration: wet and dry. Wet macular degeneration is neovascular, meaning that blood vessels begin to grow in an area where they should not. In wet macular degeneration, new blood vessel growth occurs in the macula. Wet AMD may lead to blind spots in the central vision.

Conversely, dry macular degeneration is non-neovascular and is characterized by a thinning of the macula and accumulation of pigment in the macula. While dry macular degeneration is not as severe as wet macular degeneration, it can lead to ventral vision loss. Dry AMD may lead to wet AMD (and does in about 10% of cases).

Although macular degeneration cannot currently be cured, treatment options do exist. If you are experiencing blurring or loss of central vision in either eye, contact our office to visit with an experienced ophthalmologist today.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology & National Eye Institute

Ocular Hypertension

Ocular hypertension is a condition in which the pressure in the eye is elevated above a healthy level. This elevation is often associated with glaucoma, a serious disease that can result in loss of vision and damage of the optic nerve. Alone, ocular hypertension will not result in pain or diminished sight.

Because ocular hypertension creates no outward signs or symptoms, a thorough eye examination will give your eye care professional a reading of your intraocular pressure and allow the comparing of your levels with a normal level for a person of your age.

If your ophthalmologist finds that you do have an elevated intraocular pressure level, eye drops are most commonly prescribed to manage the problem. But due to potential side effects, they are typically only prescribed in instances where there are other factors that contribute to an increased risk of glaucoma.

To have one of our experienced ophthalmologists examine your eyes and check your intraocular pressure, contact us today to schedule an appointment.

Additional Information: American Academy of Ophthalmology